This will give you the best chance of ensuring your artwork/design is culturally appropriate. When using or commissioning Māori artwork or designs, consider using an artist or designer who is familiar with traditional Māori culture and tikanga. Noa, on the other hand, lifts the tapu from the person or the object. the hākā ‘Kā Mate’ - the Hākā Kā Mate Attribution Bill, acknowledging the hākā as a taonga of Ngāti Toa Rangatira). The toki is a stylised adze that represents strength, control and determination. Noa is the opposite of tapu, and includes the concept of ‘common’. ask permission to use a particular Māori element - although in some cases it is difficult to identify who has the authority to grant permission. Tapu can be interpreted as “sacred” but also “not ordinary”, “special” or even forbidden. It symbolises new beginnings, growth and harmony. Māori heritage can be divided into the physical/tangible, natural and intangible. Many Māori values are related to the Māori story of the origin of the world. To associate something that is extremely tapu with something that is noa is offensive to Māori. It has the head of a bird, the body of a man, and the tail of a fish. It is also said to be a good luck charm for those journeying over water. Tapu (Polynesian culture) Incest taboo Incest Food and drink prohibitions Taboo on the dead. Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand. It has numerous meanings and references. Roimata means “tear drop” and symbolises sadness or grief. In some cases, they should not even be spoken of. They must partake in a formal welcoming ceremony, called a pōwhiri, to remove the tapu (sacredness) and become one people with those of the marae. Part of this study includes learning tikanga, or the ‘right’ way to do things. For example, an urupā (graveyard) might be considered sacred, as may be a Whare Karakia (Church); both could certainly be described as tapu. FROM TAPU TO NOA – MĀORI CULTURAL VIEWS ON HUMAN BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT James Ataria A, Virginia Baker B,E.R. Objective: The aim of this article is to give an overview of Māori concepts informing a collaboration between a Māori healer (NiaNia) and psychiatrist (Bush). Māori culture is an important part of society in New Zealand.. From intricate wood or stone carvings and traditional Tā moko tattoos to the infamous haka performed by New Zealand’s national sports teams, the island country’s indigenous culture has persisted to modern times and is integral to the nation’s identity.. • Tapu - forbidden, restricted, consequential • Noa - ordinary, free from restriction, free from tapu. Traditional knowledge is a living body of knowledge, typically passed from generation to generation, that may be linked to cultural identity. Look it up now! Whales are regarded as spiritual treasures as being descendants of the ocean god, Tangaroa, and are as such held in very high respect. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga (priests) to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). It is also said to represent life’s eternal paths. La Tapu (Sacred Sail) The basic shape is that of a Pacific canoe sail. In at least one case, a chief declared a whole settlement - Auckland, a newly founded European settler town - as tapu, to clarify to other tribes that he considered it as under his protection.[6]. Any acts undermine or disrespects mauri is therefore objectionable. Mauri is not limited to animate objects - a waterway, for example, has mauri, and a mountain has mauri by virtue of its connectedness to Papatūānuku. Tapu. A person, object, … Having an understanding of Māori culture will help you navigate New Zealand’s intellectual property laws and processes, and could save you time and money. Tapu, tabu or kapu is a Polynesian traditional concept denoting something holy or sacred, with "spiritual restriction" or "implied prohibition"; it involves rules and prohibitions. Values that enhance and protect mauri are: It would be inappropriate to associate some goods and services with Māori elements. tapu sacred restrictionMāori | Noun from newly built houses. Home; Random; Nearby; Log in; Settings; About Wikipedia; Disclaimers This can be raised as an objection against your New Zealand trade mark or design application, and may impact market sales. It has numerous meanings and references. Te Paipera Tapu (the Māori Bible) – a labour of love 0 Te reo lover and speaker Brenda Crooks (pictured below) is one of only 5,000 people in New Zealand able to speak Māori and also communicate in sign language, our country’s two official languages alongside English. Tapu is the strongest force in Māori life. The manaia depicts a spiritual guardian. Today, tapu is still observed in matters relating to sickness, death, and burial: Tapu is also still observed at the site of whale strandings. While this meaning of tapu is something set apart as sacred, noa means a safe and unrestricted state—but still with the ‘intrinsic tapu’ intact. In the relationship between Ranginui (the sky father) and Papatuanuku (the earth mother) and their children, from whom all living things are believed to descend. More meanings for taputapu. No matter how familiar you are with Māori culture, it is worthwhile spending some time researching the cultural significance of your proposed intellectual property. However, another important function of food is to remove tapu so it needs to be handled carefully around things that are considered to be tapu. Not only were the houses of people of high rank perceived to be tapu, but also their possessions including their clothing. In earlier times food cooked for a person of high rank was tapu, and could not be eaten by an inferior. Te Ao Māori The Māori World. Noa also has the concept of a blessing in that it can lift the rules and restrictions of tapu. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. Things or places which are tapu must be left alone, and may not be approached or interfered with. Māori culture. The country is going through a real revival of Te Reo these days. Māori artists often dedicate themselves to studying a specific art form. Intrinsic, or primary, tapu are those things which are tapu in themselves. Associating Māori elements with these types of goods and services could be considered offensive. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. The nature of traditional knowledge as a living and developing thing can mean that it is difficult to protect using intellectual property rights. Tapuwae Footprint. Each shape, colour and material was carefully selected for its cultural or spiritual meaning. Being Māori still has meaning for a Māori person today, and one way of expressing that meaning is through Māori philosophy. Use * for blank tiles (max 2) Advanced Search Advanced Search: Use * for blank spaces Advanced Search: Advanced Word Finder: See Also in Maori. For example, alcohol, tobacco, genetic technologies, gaming and gambling all have the potential to devalue Māori people, culture and values. Whakanoa is the process of returning something to its normal state by removing the ‘extensions of tapu’. All plants and animals, according to the Māori world view, therefore share a sacred (tapu) origin. It is one of the strongest forces in Māori culture. A manaia provides spiritual guidance and strength. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. Ten of our favourite Māori words & their meanings. Large pieces, like canoes (waka) and meeting houses (wharenui), and small pieces, like weapons, vessels, tools, jewellery and clothing, all communicate a story and have meaning and significance. It is New Zealand’s earliest heritage. In this light, it would be offensive for kuia (tapu) to be associated with things like food and alcohol (noa) in a trade mark. This represents the vaka/canoe which is important in traditional Pacific navigation and exploring new horizons. Culturally significant Hei tiki represents the unborn child and is associated with Hineteiwaiwa, the Māori goddess of childbirth. Crucial to this process was the concept of utu. A visitor who has never set foot on a marae is known as waewae tapu or sacred feet. However, a growing number of products are referencing traditional Māori art and design, both in New Zealand and overseas. Sites of whale strandings and any whale carcasses from strandings are treated as sacred ground.[8]. The hei matau or fish hook depicts abundance, strength and determination. Kia Ora! Also, everything associated with the human body is considered tapu in Māori belief. However, sometimes there’s another layer of meaning or understanding that needs to be considered. The English word "taboo" derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777.. There are many things that we have little influence over, we must learn to live with these things and to respect them. Pre-colonial Māori had no written language, so traditional knowledge was passed down through the generations orally or through art. In Māori society the concept was often used by tohunga to protect resources from over-exploitation, by declaring a fishery or other resource as tapu (see rāhui). A person, object, or place that is tapu, may not be touched by human contact, in some cases, not even approached. Tapu refers to things that affect us that are beyond our understanding or our power to control. © Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. Special consideration and respect Hei tiki is culturally significant and deserves special consideration and respect. The English word taboo derives from this later meaning and dates from Captain James Cook's visit to Tonga in 1777. Few have an understanding of Māori culture behind them. Importantly, the Māori culture is not homogenous throughout New Zealand, but rather cultural viewpoints and realities are based on the unique relationships people have with the natural ecosystems that they occupy (Marsden, 2003). Women in traditional Māori society were considered very tapu during menstruation, due to the degree of tapu associated with blood. N1 Glossary of Māori terms Tapu Having restrictions, sacred. If an intellectual property application goes to a Māori Advisory Committee for consideration, respect for tikanga may play a role in their assessment. Tauranga waka Landing place of waka. Tapu and noa remain part of Māori culture today, although persons today are not subject to the same tapu as that of previous times. Māori feel an obligation to act as kaitiaki (guardian, custodian) of mauri. Tapu can be interpreted as ‘sacred’, or defined as ‘spiritual restriction’, containing a strong imposition of rules and prohibitions. Some Māori words and concepts can be translated into English without causing offence. The ‘footprint’ of iwi and hapū life and culture since the first arrivals in Aotearoa some 800 years ago, it is substantial and touches all parts of our country. It protected people and natural resources. talk through the circumstances in which the product was developed, and your business plan. 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